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|Title:||Preparation and some properties of immobilized Penicillium funiculosum 258 dextranase|
|Keywords:||Preparation and some properties of immobilized Penicillium funiculosum 258 dextranase|
|Abstract:||The production of dextranase was investigated in static cultures of Penicillium funiculosum 258, Maximal enzyme productivity was attained at pH 8.0. with 3.5% (w/v) dextran (MW. 260000) as carbon source, NaN03 (1%. w/v) and yeast extract (0.2%, w/v) as nitrogen source, 0.4% (w!v) K 2HP04 and 0.06% (w/v) MgS04 . It was possible to increase the productivity of dextranase to 41.8 units ml- I in the modified medium. The enzyme was immobilized on different carriers by different techniques of immobilization. The enzyme prepared by covalent binding on chitosan using glutaraldehyde had the highest activity, the immobilized enzyme retaining 63% of its original specific activity. Compared with the free dextranase. the immobilized enzyme exhibited: a higher pH optimum, a higher optimal reaction temperature and energy of activation. a higher Michaelis constant, improved thermal stability and higher values of deactivation rate constant. The immobilized enzyme retained about 80% of the initial catalytic activity even after being used for 12 cycles. © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemistry|
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